The Stafford Act, Eminent Domain & Texas Property Owner Rights

The Stafford Act, Eminent Domain & Texas Property Owner Rights

During a time of crisis, such as the current COVID-19 coronavirus pandemic, government organizations like the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) have the authority to take drastic steps to respond to the emergency. This includes seizing private property for government use through the power of eminent domain.

President Trump Declares a National Emergency under the Stafford Act

On March 13, 2020, President Trump, in response to the growing threat of the COVID-19 outbreak, declared a national emergency under the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act. 

The Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act, or Stafford Act, is a federal law passed in 1988 that gives FEMA broad authority when it comes to “the rendering of aid, assistance, and emergency services, and the reconstruction and rehabilitation of devastated areas” following a natural disaster. Among the powers granted to FEMA under the Stafford Act, includes the authority to “procure by condemnation or otherwise, construct, lease, transport, store, maintain, renovate or distribute materials and facilities for emergency preparedness, with the right to take immediate possession thereof.”

The Stafford Act gives eminent domain authority to FEMA. Facilities acquired by purchase, donation, or other means of transfer may be occupied, used, and improved before the approval of title by the Attorney General. Despite this, it’s important to note that FEMA can only lease the land it takes under Stafford Act eminent domain authority; it cannot acquire fee title to property unless specifically authorized by law. 

Hopefully efforts to contain the virus will be successful and the widespread seizing of property will not become necessary.

Texas Property Owners have a Right to Fair Compensation 

Every Texas property owner wants to do their part to stop the spread of the coronavirus. Most are willing to let the government use their land if it means saving the lives of thousands of their fellow Texans. However, even during national emergencies, the federal government must still respect the constitutional rights of its citizens. This includes the right to fair and just compensation for the land the government uses during an emergency situation.

If FEMA or another government agency wishes to take your land under the Stafford Act or other law, you may not be able to stop them, but you can take steps to ensure you get the fair price for your property as guaranteed by the Constitution.

The eminent domain attorneys at Dawson & Sodd are here to help; we’ve been protecting the rights of property owners for over a hundred years. We will fight to get you the fair market price for your property as well as compensation for any damage done to your land. In many instances we have gotten compensation for our clients that was thousands of dollars more than the original offer.

Contact the law offices of Dawson & Sodd to schedule a free consultation with a leading Texas property rights lawyer. We want to hear your story, answer any questions you may have and provide honest legal advice about your options.


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